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GU n. 63 del 10/03/2020
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EDIZIONI MARTINA S.R.L.
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LASERS IN DENTISTRY - Practical text book

VITALE M.C. - CAPRIOGLIO C.

Pages 324 - color illustrations

ISBN 978-88-7572-063-6

ULTIME COPIE DISPONIBILI

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The Authors
Forewords
Preface
Index
The first page...

 

The Authors

 

Claudia CAPRIOGLIO

  • Doctor Dental Science (1988-University of Pavia - ITALY)
  • Post-graduate degree in Orthodontics (1992-University of Cagliari)
  • Master-degree Course an TMJ-Disfunctions [1994-University of Cagliari)
  • Master-degree Course on Lasers in Dentistry (1999-University of Florence)
  • Master-degree Course on Dental traumatology (2008-University of Verona)
  • Visiting Professor at the University of Parma since 1999 and lecturer on the EMDOLA Master's degree Course
  • Author of many scientific papers, six text-books and contributor of four
  • Private practitioner in Pavia
  • Her research fields are related to: paediatric dentistry, interceptive orthodontics, dental traumatology and laser-assisted paediatric dentistry

Marina Consuelo VITALE

  • Medical Doctor (1986-University of Pavia-ITALY)
  • Post-graduate degree in Dentistry (1989) and in Orthodontics (1995-University of Pavia)
  • Master-degree Course on Laser-assisted Surgery (1992-René Descartes University - Paris)
  • Assistant Professor at the University of Pavia since 2000
  • Lecturer on the Master degree Course of Laser-assisted Dentistry of Florence, of the University Sophie-Antinopolis (Nizza) and Siena
  • Author of many scientific papers, two books and contributor of four
  • Private practitioner in Saronno and Milan
  • Her research fields are related to: paediatric dentistry, orthodontics and laser-assisted paediatric dentistry, surgery in particula

 

Forewords

 

It is with pleasure that I preface the book by Dr. CAPRIOGLIO Claudia and VITALE Marina Consuelo, result of a methodical and uninterrupted work since more than ten years. VITALE Marina, become today international boss in the field of lasers in pediatric dentistry, fact honour with teaching that we inculcated to her. She learned the fundamental ones from this technology thanks to her father, Giovanni VITALE, doctor dermatologist in Italy at Saronno, and his higher education in France at Paris, the Faculty of Dental Surgery Paris-V under the authority of Professor Robert WEILL and the University Paris-XII in the Laboratories of lasers of Professor Sigrid AVRILLIER. Her research tasks led to the improvement of the knowledge of the effects of a great number of radiations, various wavelengths, on hard mineral dental tissues. They were presented in the great international congresses, in the United States, in Israel, in South America and in Japan, and were in particular published by International Society for Laser in Dentistry under the aegis of Professors L. POWELL, J. FRAME, I. ISHIKAWA, S. LOH and F. MELCER-DAUCHY whose scientific contributions, with the important world projection of the lasers in dentistry, were decisive for that this technology is definitely recognized and applied.

This book on lasers in dental daily practice is the sum of works of the new teams which constituted them-selves on each continent, in the large university towns and it is the real sign of the vitality of this technology in the discipline. This international collaboration proves that micro-dentistry laser, like micro-oral surgery laser, painless, touch less, non-invasive and sterilizing can be applied in dental daily practice, general or paediatrics, for the largest good of our patients.

Doctor Jacques Melcer
Former Professor of the Paris-V University
Member of the Academy of Dental Surgery
President of I.S.L.D. 1988-1990
(International Society Lasers in Dentistry)

 

Preface

 

After more than 50 years in scientific publishing, and having had the honour of introducing a great many publications in the past, I am both delighted and excited to have been asked to present this splendid book, which is both rich and extremely instructive.
It is rich and instructive because its two authors, both for many years closely involved in the use of lasers in dentistry, have been supported in their efforts by 40 co-authors who, representing all the continents of the world, are all leading specialists and scholars in this discipline. The resulting volume provides an extraordinary and very important overview on the use of lasers in dentistry. All these scientists have contributed the best of their research and clinical experience in the sector of particular interest to them, providing the user of this manual with an excellent account of the state of the art in this field.

It is splendid because the lengthy and extremely meticulous and work that has gone into this project has resulted in an exhaustive and highly methodical treatment of this whole subject.

The book opens with a chapter on the physics of lasers before dealing, in a series of detailed and fascinating chapters, with all the branches of dentistry: from conservative, cosmetic and paediatric dentistry to dental traumatology, endodontics, periodontics, and prosthodontics; then, still in a logical and systematic manner, it goes on to look at the multifaceted aspects of the surgical dentistry (diseases of the oral cavity, bone regeneration, analysis of biopsy samples etc.) and finally at implantology. The last two chapters of the book, which have a somewhat futuristic feel, are devoted to laser photobiomodulation, i.e. the histological effects of laser treatment on oral hard and soft tissue, and the safe use of these new instruments.

Even though this area has been the focus of studies by able and enterprising pioneers for two decades now, it is only in the past few years that interest in, and research into, the application of different types of laser has really grown and flourished.

The merit for this goes to the many universities that have introduced advanced training courses and special Masters degree courses in this specific field.
In addition, many scientific meetings and symposia on this topic have been organised, while several scientific societies and associations devoted to this discipline have emerged and been working, for a number of years now, to raise awareness and promote the spread of these technologies among dentists.

This book, as its title clearly indicates, has the merit of being aimed, above all, at private practitioners and professional dentists who want to be able to apply, immediately, the latest developments in this field in their daily clinical practice.

The most innovative aspect of this extremely useful book is thus the fact that it offers professionals a simple, clear and effective guide to the practical use of the different wavelengths. This makes it an irreplaceable and fundamental volume for anyone with an interest not only in possible future developments in this field, but also in the new daily reality of modern dentistry.

Nowadays, with the focus on the quest for quality, excellence, maintenance of pulp tissue vitality, lasting results, and simpler, more ergonomic operations, it is clear that dental surgeries and clinics, both private and otherwise, need to be equipped with lasers, of different types, for use in their routine daily practice.

What I can say from my own experience in paediatric dentistry and dental traumatology is that the specific wavelengths used in these two specialist sectors have, thanks to the enormous advantages they offer, simplified and increased the safety of interventions, and I think that this applies to other fields of application, too.

Compared with traditional approaches, it is amply documented that laser-assisted treatment offers many advantages. Let me list them:

1. it allows smaller preparations;
2. it guarantees maximum respect for tissues, with less heating of the pulp chamber;
3. it eliminates or considerably reduces the need for anaesthetics;
4. it can be used in modern minimally invasive dentistry;
5. it has well defined decontaminating, analgaesic and biostimulating effects;
6. last but not least, it favours greater patient compliance, a fundamental aspect in conservative therapy particularly in children (and also in the disabled), in many cases removing the need for general anaesthesia or conscious sedation.

The hook is completed and enhanced by numerous photographs and illustrations of remarkable detail and definition. It also provides enlargements, where necessary, of single steps in clinical operating procedures, so as to help dentists apply these procedures in their own daily practice.

Each chapter is accompanied by an extensive and exhaustive bibliography, allowing readers to verify the truth of, and explore in greater depth, what is reported in the text. It will also surely be a major stimulus to many young scientific researchers seeking to reach important new targets.

Finally, the editor, Dr. Alfredo Martina, is to be complimented on having stimulated and constantly and enthusiastically supported, in his coordinating role, the authors' considerable efforts, and also on once again having shown the intuition and courage typical of a pioneering figure in publishing.

This is a volume of extreme substance, interest and practicality that is destined to become a timeless classic and essential reading.

Prof. Damaso Caprioglio
Former Full Professor of Orthodontics
Lecturer in Ethics
University of Parma
Past President of S.I.O.I.
(Società Italiana di Odontoiatria Infantile)
Past Vice-president of I.A.D.T.
(International Association Dental Traumatology)

 

Index

 

CONTRIBUTORS

FOREWORD (Prof. Jacques Melcer)

PREFACE (Prof. Damaso Caprioglio

 

1 - LASER PHYSICS AND LASER TISSUE INTERACTION

(Bachmann Luciano - Zezell Denise Maria)

 

2 - CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY

2.1 LASER AS DIAGNOSTIC TOOL

(Zanin Fatima - Vitale Marina Consuelo)

2.2 LASERS IN DENTISTRY: SOLVING PROBLEMS IN DENTISTRY WITH LASERS

(Eduardo De Paula Carlos - Azevedo Hiramatsu Luciane - Eduardo De Paula Fernanda)

2.3 AESTHETIC DENTISTRY

(Grandini Romano - Grandini Simone - Giachetti Luca - Galvani Paolo)

2.4 ENAMEL AND DENTIN: SEM OBSERVATIONS

(Olivi Giovanni)

2.5 DENTAL BLEACHING WITH LASER AND LEDS

(Zanin Fatima - Brugnera Aldo Jr - Bassoukou Haralambos Ivy)

 

3 - PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

3.1 PREVENTION

(Hsu Stephen - Caprioglio Claudio - Vitale Marina Consuelo)

3.2 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

(Caprioglio Claudia - Vitale Marina Consuelo)

3.3 DENTAL TRAUMA IN CHILDREN

(Caprioglio Claudia - Caprioglio Alberto)

 

4 - ENDODONTICS

4.1 LASERS IN ENDODONTIC STUDIES

(Carano Michelangelo - Marques Marcia Martins - Moreira Maria Stella - Moura Abilio)

4.2 LASERS IN ENDODONTICS

(Carano Michelangelo)

 

5 - LASERS IN PERIODONTICS

(Ishikawa Isao - Aoki Akira - Takasaki Aristeo Atsushi)

 

6 - THE DIODE LASER IN FIXED PROSTHETIC RESTORATIONS: AIMS AND POTENTIAL

(Gherlone Enrico - Gattoni Francesco)

 

7 - SURGERY

7.1 APICAL SURGERY

(Crippa Rolando)

7.2 LASER TREATMENT IN MEDICINE AND ORAL PATHOLOGY - SOFT TISSUE

(Gaeta Giovanni Maria)

7.3 LASER USE IN ORAL AND MAXILLO-FACIAL SURGERY

(Tasar Ferda - Sener Cem)

7.4 BIOPSY OF ORAL SOFT AND BONE TISSUE WITH DIFFERENT LASER DEVICES

(Romeo Umberto - Maggiore Claudia - Del Vecchio Alessandro - Ripari Maurizio)

 

8 - IMPLANTOLOGY

(Benzi Riccardo - Gullo Vivaldi Giuseppe Giulio)

 

9 - UNDERSTANDING LASER PHOTOBIOMODULATION

(Pinheiro Antonio Luiz - Brugnera Aldo Junior - Zanin Fatima)

 

10 - MICROSCOPY OF LASER EFFECTS ON HARD AND SOFT ORAL TISSUES

(Zaffe Davide - Botticelli Annibale - Vitale Marina Consuelo - Piacentini Cesare)

 

11 - SAFETY

(Carano Michelangelo - Caprioglio Claudia - Olivi Giovanni)

 

The first page...

 

Chapter 1

LASER PHYSICS AND LASER-TISSUE INTERACTION

(Luciano Bachmann - Denise Maria Zezell)

INTRODUCTION

In this chapter we intend to describe the nature of laser light and its interactions with biological tissues. Our aim is to place physics inside a "black box" laser sale apparatus for non-specialist professionals; and to make the mechanism responsible for the effects observed after laser irradiation clear. Bearing the objectives in mind, we will make use of many graphical resources as well as common sense examples to aid the reader's understanding of this issue.

Associations with common sense examples must be handled carefully because they are only analogies that will be used to describe the abstract concepts of physics and the interaction mechanism of laser with matter. For a more specialized theory about laser physics the reader must look in to other books and search for laser-tissue interaction in.

Table 1.1 lists the physical parameters and the constants used in this chapter. One example is the name given to the energy distribution on a certain area.

This laser parameter has different names: energy density, radiant exposure, fluence, or dose. In this chapter we use the name that is recommended by the International Systems of Units: radiant exposure, which is expressed in [J/m2]. In the same way the parameter representing the power distribution on a certain area will be designated: irradiance, and will be expressed as [W/m2]…